What Does Visual Culture Look like in the Elementary Art Room?

What is Visual Culture?

In Kerry Freedman’s book, Teaching Visual Culture: Curriculum, Aesthetics, and the Social Life of Art,  she explains that visual culture is everywhere. We can’t escape it, and it applies to everyone. We are bombarded with images on television, in magazines, as we scroll through our phones, and walk through shopping centers. Visual culture asks us to be critical of these images and to question why and how we are seeing them. Having an understanding of visual culture can better our knowledge of what we see, how we interpret what we see, and how others perceive what they see.

Elementary Students Have a Unique Perspective

Elementary students have their own unique visual culture. They see tons of images specifically designed and targeted toward them. Their clothes, backpacks, and shoes feature characters and designs that would not necessarily be marketed for older demographics. They see cartoons and television programming that shapes and influences their understanding of the world around them. Their cell phones are loaded with games and applications with images marketed to encourage them to buy—or ask their parent to buy—digital and physical products.

Image of student artwork

While we are all surrounded by images, each of us has our own perspective of specific images we come into contact with daily. Elementary students are no different.

Embracing and Encouraging Visual Culture

Elementary students may not think to be critical of these images or even recognize just how many they see in a day. As art teachers, we can shine a light on the visual culture in our students’ lives, and encourage them to explore these images in their own artwork. Just as you may have students discuss a work of art, you can have similar conversations about other images.

Bringing It Into The Classroom

Ask students about their favorite shoe brand. Pull up a still image from an advertisement for that particular brand. Ask students to describe what they see. Explain they are only allowed to describe actual facts and things they know for sure just by looking at the image. They are not to make any guesses or interpretations at this point.

Many of your students may find this process challenging at first. Some may be quick to make interpretations based on prior knowledge, without taking time to look and describe what they actually see in the image. Encourage your students to separate what they see and what they know to become more critical of their visual culture.

Embrace your students’ visual culture by allowing them to incorporate their own interests and imagery in their artwork. By doing so, students may become more invested in the work they are creating. You will also gain insight into their interests and unique perspective.

Parody Projects

Parody projects are a great way to have students incorporate their own visual culture into an art project. Choose a famous artwork and ask students to alter the image by including a symbol or character from their visual culture. Each year you could switch this assignment up by choosing a different artwork to parody. You can also find lots of examples online of parodies of famous artworks likeThe Starry Night, Mona Lisa, or A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte.

Image of student artwork with sponge bob

These famous artworks have been altered to include new elements or characters from visual culture. Encourage your students to do the same with their own unique ideas. Edvard Munch’s The Scream can be recreated with an emoji. Thomas Gainsborough’s The Blue Boy can be recreated with Sesame Street’s Grover. Your students will be able to easily apply their own characters, and some you may not recognize, but in opening up the project, you will be able to share in your students’ visual culture.

Identity Projects

Identity projects are another great way to ask students to incorporate their visual culture into their artwork. Simply asking students to fill their portrait background with images that represent them will naturally showcase their visual culture. Students are bound to add imagery of their cell phone, and favorite applications, YouTube channels, television programs, and more.

Student artwork

Students may start to make connections and see how the artwork of their peers have similar imagery. This is an excellent opportunity for you to point out how they share a similar visual culture because of their proximity in age and/or location. The images found in their visual culture are marketed toward them specifically. Ask them why they think that is. Ask them if they think you or their parents see the same imagery in their daily life. Ask them why or why not. These conversations can be a great way to get students talking about how they see the world and help them start analyzing it more closely.

Symbolism Projects

Symbolism is a great way to connect your art projects with visual culture. Students see symbols a lot more than they may think. Begin by asking students to identify any symbols they see in the classroom or their school. They may look around for a minute or two, but will probably be able to find a few pretty easily. Symbols like restroom, recycling, stairs, etc. are easy to identify in public places.

Now, ask them to think of other symbols they see throughout the day. Ask them to keep a journal of symbols they see from the moment they leave class until they have your class again. They will be amazed at the number and variety of symbols they encounter. Once they have a clear understanding of what a symbol is, you can design a project around symbolism.

Image of student artwork

Show students Marc Chagall’s America Windows stained glass. Ask them to point out any symbols they may see. The Statue of Liberty may be one of the first ones they identify. Ask students what this symbol represents. The responses will most likely relate to patriotism, liberty, and freedom. Connect how many students in the classroom came up with a similar response to the same symbol. Now ask students to incorporate a personal symbol in their next art project. Ask them to think about what their symbol may look like, and what they want it to communicate. Once they have an idea, ask students to share their sketch with a few classmates to see if they can interpret the symbol’s meaning. Students will find that creating a universally understood symbol may be harder than they thought.

Final Thoughts

Visual culture is all around us and arguably surrounds our students even more. Because we constantly see images, we often become passive and rarely stop to think about what we are seeing or why. As art teachers, we often walk our students through the steps of an art critique and have them describe, analyze, interpret, and evaluate works of art. This same process could be used on the images we see every day. By incorporating some discussions and embracing students’ visual culture in the art room, you can help them become more engaged and critical of their world.

How do you embrace your students’ visual culture?
What are your favorite visual culture projects to teach?
How do you discuss symbolism with your students?

The post What Does Visual Culture Look like in the Elementary Art Room? appeared first on The Art of Education University.

Original source: https://theartofeducation.edu/2019/10/21/what-does-visual-culture-look-like-in-the-elementary-art-room/

Brooklyn: Get Nude Get Drawn

Have you ever wanted to pose naked for a bunch of super talented artists? Mike Perry is making your dreams come true at the Brooklyn Edition of The Other Art Fair

Mike Perry is an Emmy winning artist that makes paintings, animation, sculptures, books, public art installations, monographs, exhibitions, drawings, silkscreens, and more. Mike’s work has been exhibited across the globe and is recognizable  for its signature cheeky and colorful style.

In 2011, artists Mike Perry and Josh Cochran posted to social media and Craigslist seeking volunteers to pose in the nude for a marathon, two-day drawing session. The concept: to celebrate the nude by enlisting non-professional models and by using social media to build contemporary literacy in the timeless genre. The logistics: over the course of two days, each person would pose for a half hour, and Mike and Josh would create as many portraits as they could. At the end of the event, they would display and sell the drawings at a pop-up exhibition. They called the project “Get Nude Get Drawn.” Since 2011, Mike and Josh have continued organizing the event, gathering a talented roster of participating artists and over 200 models.


The Other Art Fair are excited to host Mike and Josh at the upcoming Brooklyn Edition of the fair. Visitors will be able to be model and muse, posing nude in a private corner of the fair for eight talented artists. The sketches made from the project are diverse and exciting, celebrating the nude in all its glory. Just take a look at Previous Get Nude Get Drawn examples.



Have you ever wanted to say “draw me like one of your French girls”? Nows your chance at the Other Art Fair Brooklyn, November 7-10 at the Brooklyn Expo Center.

Original source: https://canvas.saatchiart.com/art/art-news/brooklyn-get-nude-get-drawn

tina berning (in toronto!)

Sigh. The work of German artist Tina Berning gets me every single time. So dreamy, and ridiculously beautiful. If you happen to be in Toronto, I have some good news for you. Alison Milne Gallery will be presenting Tina’s work at Art Toronto 2019 this coming weekend (Thursday October 24th – Sunday October 27th). But wait, there’s more. Not only will her gorgeous work be there, but so will Tina… all the way from Berlin! Find her in Solo Booth #S11.

ps. Tina was on my podcast a few years ago, and it’s still one of my favorite episodes! Look/listen here.

Original source: https://www.thejealouscurator.com/blog/2019/10/21/put-up-on-oct-22-tina-berning-in-toronto/

Welsh & Scottish Chairs in Georgia


During his long career as a chairmaker, Chris Williams has heard stories of people filling up shipping containers of Welsh stick chairs and sending them to the United States. (You also hear stories – shudder – of people chopping them up and burning them for fuel.)

Last week, I saw another piece of evidence that the migration of Welsh stick chairs to North America was something that has really happened. As I was packing up to leave the shop at Wyatt Childs Inc. last week after a week of building French workbenches, Bo Childs drove up the shop in his white pickup truck with two stick chairs in the bed.

His father had brought them over from the U.K., and he wanted me to have a look at them.

We took the chairs over to the lawn behind his house and gave them a quick inspection. I was trying to get on the road to catch a plane to London (crazy life), so I didn’t get to document them completely. Maybe next time.


What I saw was one chair (above) that clearly is a Darvel chair, a Scottish stick chair. And based on the turnings, it’s likely one that’s earlier in their history.

For me, what was most interesting about the Darvel chair was the spindle deck. It’s slightly raised and rabbeted, like the deck on my chairs. I’ve not seen this detail on an old chair. I hope to investigate this chair a little more next time I’m in Georgia and can look for tool marks.


The other chair bears all the hallmarks of a Welsh stick chair (Chris Williams also said it looked Welsh to him). The armbow looked like it was made from a curved branch. And the seat’s shape matched the arm. The seat itself is massive and thick with a slight bevel on its underside.

Also interesting to see was that some of the mortises in the arms were blind. And when we looked under the arm it was apparent that the maker had made a few mistakes in locating these blind mortises (there was also evidence of this in the chair’s seat).


These “errors” didn’t take anything away from the appearance of the chair. I love it.

Other details I noticed on my quick investigation: The chair had an H-stretcher and was missing the middle bar of the H. Also, what is difficult to convey with these photos is how massive the components are. The legs are quite thick – much thicker than I would typically make in a chair.

As always, seeking out and encountering the “real thing” is an education that’s worth more than 1 million clicks on the internet.

— Christopher Schwarz


Original source: https://blog.lostartpress.com/2019/10/21/welsh-scottish-chairs-in-georgia/

Polly Staple Named Director of Tate’s Collection of British Art

The Tate has appointed Polly Staple, who has led the Chisenhale Gallery since 2008, director of the institution’s collection of British art. She succeeds Ann Gallagher in managing the research and

Original source: https://www.artforum.com/news/polly-staple-named-director-of-tate-s-collection-of-british-art-81085

Julie Tolentino

Julie Tolentino’s “REPEATER” proposes that an exhibition is a durational experience, and attests to the poetry of staying with it. The gallery’s sole window is papered up with foil, but pinpricks allow

Original source: https://www.artforum.com/picks/julie-tolentino-81057

“Common Course”

The four artists in this exhibition deploy colloquial, widely circulated forms of graphic representation such as cartoons, caricatures, and illustrations to report, critique, or lampoon current Indian

Original source: https://www.artforum.com/picks/common-course-81050

Cleveland Museum of Art Appoints Nadiah Rivera Fellah Associate Curator of Contemporary Art

The Cleveland Museum of Art has named Nadiah Rivera Fellah its new associate curator of contemporary art. She will be responsible for helping with the museum’s exhibition calendar and acquisitions

Original source: https://www.artforum.com/news/cleveland-museum-of-art-appoints-nadiah-rivera-fellah-associate-curator-of-contemporary-art-81089

Arts Institutions Across Beirut Close in Solidarity with Nationwide Protests

Art museums and galleries across Beirut have closed their doors in solidarity with the more than two million people protesting the government’s mishandling of the country’s deepening economic crisis.

Original source: https://www.artforum.com/news/arts-institutions-across-beirut-close-in-solidarity-with-nationwide-protests-81084

Ed Clark (1926–2019)

Abstract painter Ed Clark, known for his innovative use of shaped canvases and of brooms as brushes, has died at age ninety-three in Detroit. Clark’s practice, which looked forwards toward Minimalism

Original source: https://www.artforum.com/news/ed-clark-1926-2019-81090